去年,美國第一夫人米歇爾在白宮內與市民一起種植農作物。英女王伊莉莎白也在白金漢宮種植有機菜。她們的舉動除了提高公關形象外,也帶出愛護地球的信息。她們希望可以帶動人民對有機種植的興趣和參與。

        城市人之中其實對田園生活的嚮往大有人在。他們希望一方面可以透過田園生活來減壓,另一方面是人生的另一種追求的表現——追求一種不再被金錢或時間逼迫,而回歸人類本質的平衡生活,也是一種理想的生活方式。

 

        在日本就有一些「實踐者」,他們叫這種生活為「半農半X」。所謂「半農半X」,就是一方面親手栽種農作物,以獲取安全的糧食(農);另一方面從事能夠發揮天賦特長的工作,換取固定的收入,并且建立個人與社會的聯繫(X)。其中一位倡議者為塩見直紀,他是在1995年受到作家星川淳著作的影響,得到啟發,從而產生了「半農半X」的理念。彼此致力提倡「半農半X」的生活主義——以永續模式的簡單生活為基礎,同時可發揮個人所長的工作。在日本他已經有許多「同路人」。大家都在實踐「半農半X」的生活模式,這是一種順從自然並實踐天賦的生活方式。塩見直紀認為,現今社會面臨著種種問題,包括環境(各種汙染、溫室效應)、食物(安全性、食糧自給率)、心靈(人生意義的喪失、物質享樂主義)、教育(科學、感性、生存力)、醫療設施與社會福利(社會文明病、高齡社會的看護),以及社會不安定(經濟萎縮、失業)等,而「半農半X」的生活,是在這樣的時代中最理想的生存方式。作者將對自然的嚮往轉化為行動,下田種植,做現代農夫。

        有人可能會覺得這是太理想主義的生活。其實回歸田園也是不少人的夢想,尤其是一些在城市生活太久、覺得身心俱疲的人。香港的綠田園基金多年來推廣有機種植,現時在週末都有市民專程由市區進入粉嶺的綠田園,與家人或朋友們一起進行有機種植,對他們來說是一項很有意義的活動。他們所種出來的成果是可以拿走自享的。

        半農半X不僅是一種健康的生活方式,可以讓我們吃上安全的菜,而且當半農半X到一定程度也能適當提高糧食自給率,所以說半農半X的提倡有戰略意義。
        Last year, U.S. First Lady Michelle in the White House planted crops with the people. In Buckingham Palace, Queen Elizabeth Ⅱalso grow organic vegetables. Their moves not only improved their public relations image, but also brought out the information to protect the earth. They hoped to bring the people’s interest and involvement in organic farming.

        A lot of people living in the city are longing for rural life in fact. They hope to decompression through the pastoral life on the one hand. On the other hand, it is a performance of another pursuit of life - no longer pursuing a money or time forced by the nature of the balance of return to human life, is an ideal way of life.

        In Japan there are some “practices”, they call this life for “semi-agricultural and semi-X”. The so-called “semi-agricultural and semi-X”, is on the one hand planted crops for food security (agricultural); on the other hand to play innate strengths in the work, in exchange for fixed income, and establish personal contact with the community (X) . One of the proponents is 塩見直紀, he was effected by writers Hoshikawa in 1995, resulting in a “semi-agricultural and semi-X” concept. From then on he promoted the “semi-agricultural and semi-X” doctrine of life - to the simple life, sustainable model, based on their individual talents can also work. In Japan he has many “fellow traveler.” We are practicing the “farming-X” of life; this is a submissive nature and practice of natural way of life. See the Salt Naoki that the problems facing today’s society, including the environment (all kinds of pollution, the greenhouse effect), food (security, food self-sufficiency), mind (the loss of the meaning of life, material hedonism), education (science, perceptual, survival force), medical facilities and social welfare (social ill, and elderly community care), and social instability (economic contraction, unemployment), etc., and the “semi-agricultural and semi-X”, and is an ideal in this era of way of life. On the natural desire would be translated into action, planting the fields, so the modern farmer.

        One might think this is too idealistic life. In fact, many people back to rural is the dream, especially those living in the city for too long, people feel physically and mentally fatigued. Hong Kong Green Foundation to promote organic farming for many years, there are people at the weekend came from the urban area into the Green Fanling, with family or friends together for organic farming for them is an important event. They have grown away from the results is the prerogative.

        X is not only farming and a healthy lifestyle, can we eat safe food, and when semi-agricultural and semi-X to a certain extent also due to increase food self-sufficiency, so that the promotion of farming and X have strategic significance. 

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